Glossary

  • Clear and white backing

    When printing in litho offset or electrophotography (laser printers or copiers) the ink film needs a backing ink which will support it and insure heat transfer and bonding to the garment. The backing is white if the garment is dark or clear if the garment is white.
  • Cold peel

    Printed paper is peeled after heat press process, once the paper/garment complex is cold. Cold peel transfers are characterised by a shiny plastic appearance, and are very opaque.
  • Dye sublimation ink

    Polyester fabric is printed mostly with dye-sub or disperses direct ink. The great benefit of sublimation ink is the fact that the colorants will bond with the fibre during sublimation or fixation. The colours are ‘inside’ the fabric and don’t stay on top of the media
  • FSC

    FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certifies forests that are sustainably managed, and exploited in a reasoned way. Resource renewal, preservation of biodiversity, or protecting the rights of indigenous peoples are taken into account in the management of these forests. The FSC is an international association of members representing environmental and social groups in the timber trade, the professions of the forest, indigenous organizations ... and from anywhere in the world. It is organized in a democratic manner, and based on participation and equity.
  • Hot melt powder

    In order to get good wash ability, “glue” is needed to get a very strong bond in between the transferred inks and the garment. Instead of screen printing a layer of glue (which means one extra screen printing step) many printers are sparkling hot melt powder at the surface of the screen printed last layer of ink (generally white or clear backing) while it is “wet” just prior enter in the curing oven. Different types of hot melt powders may be used, depending on the final characteristics which are expected, compromise needs to be done between stretch ability and wash ability.
  • Hot peel

    Printed paper is peeled off while hot. 100% of the ink is transferred.
  • Hot split

    Printed paper is peeled off while hot. The ink is split. Major part of the ink stays on the garment, while minor part remains on the paper. Hot split transfers are characterised by a matt appearance very similar to straight screen printing
  • Litho

    Offset printing, also called offset lithography, is a method of mass-production printing in which the images on metal plates are transferred (offset) to rubber blankets or rollers and then to the print media. The print media, usually paper, does not come into direct contact with the metal plates. This prolongs the life of the plates. In addition, the flexible rubber conforms readily to the print media surface, allowing the process to be used effectively on rough-surfaced.
  • Oeko-Tex®

    Oeko-Tex® Standard 100 or Öko-Tex Standard 100 is an international testing and certification system for textiles, limiting the use of certain chemicals. It was developed in 1992. Responsibility for the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is shared between the 17 test institutes which make up the International Oeko-Tex Association, which has branch offices in more than 40 countries worldwide. The criteria catalogue which forms the basis for the tests for harmful substances is based on the latest scientific findings and is continually updated; the human ecological safety of the textiles tested are more far-reaching every year. The test criteria and the related test methods are standardized on an international level and are widely included as guidance in terms and conditions of purchase and delivery right through to the retail sector. With a total of over 51,000 certificates issued for millions of different individual products, and over 6,500 companies involved worldwide, the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 has become the best known and most successful label for textiles tested for harmful substances.
  • Screen printing

    Screen printing, also known as serigraphy, is a method of creating an image on paper, fabric or some other object by pressing ink through a screen with areas blocked off by a stencil. The technique is used both for making fine art prints and for commercial applications, such as printing a company's logo on coffee mugs or t-shirts.
  • Sublimation

    Sublimation is the term for when matter undergoes a phase transition directly from a solid to gaseous form, or vapor, without passing through the more common liquid phase between the two. It is a specific case of vaporization.
  • Tagless

    Woven labels for garments are more and more often replaced by heat transfers. The screen printed heat transfer labels process is called tagless.
  • Tepid peel

    Printed paper is peeled off while tepid, 2 to 5seconds after opening the press. 100% of the ink is transferred.
  • Transfer paper

    A paper that is coated with a preparation for transferring a design to another surface
  • Water based ink

    Water-based inks are defined as those that utilize water as the main solvent. That does not mean, however that water is the only solvent. It is significant to note that many water base inks contain - co-solvents - which may even be petroleum based solvents. The reason these co-solvents are used varies, but one of the key reasons is to decrease the time and heat necessary to cure the ink film on the fabric.